Monday, August 30, 2010

Cryptophasa nubila



Cryptophasa nubila (T.P. Lucas, 1894)


♂ - Qld, Airlie Beach, 16. Sep. 1994, J.C. Keast leg. (ANIC). [AMO].

- Qld, Brisbane, 28. Jan. 1905 (ANIC). [AMO].

♀ - Qld, Mooloolah, 18. Nov. 1923 (ANIC). [AMO].

♀ - QM

♂ - QM

♀ - QM . Turner’s C. intermedia var. alba form.

Cryptophaga nubila T.P. Lucas, 1894. Descriptions of new Australian Lepidoptera, with additional localities for known species. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 8: 133–166 [161]. Syntype(s) SAMA number unknown ♂♀, Brisbane, Qld.
Cryptophaga intermedia Lucas, T.P. 1894. Descriptions of new Australian Lepidoptera, with additional localities for known species. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 8: 133–166 [162]. Syntype(s) SAMA number unknown ♂♀, Brisbane, Qld.
Cryptophaga nubila. Illidge, 1895: Xylorycts, or timber moths. Queensland Nat. Hist. Soc. Trans., 1, 29-34.
Cryptophaga nubila Lucas. Turner, 1898. The Xyloryctidae of Queensland. Annals of the Queensland Museum 4: 1–32 [10].
Cryptophaga nubila var. alba, Turner, 1898. The Xyloryctidae of Queensland. Annals of the Queensland Museum 4: 1–32 [11].
Cryptophaga nubila Lucas. Walsingham, 1898: Proceedings of the Entomological Society of London (vii-xii, following p. 444)
Cryptophaga nubila Philpott, 1927: The Maxillae in the Lepidoptera. Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Vol. 57, 721-745 [735].
Cryptophasa nubila (T.P. Lucas, 1894). Nielsen, E.S., Edwards, E.D. & Rangsi, T.V. 1996. Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monogr. Aust. Lepid. 4: i–xiv, 1–529 & CD–ROM [87; 346: Note #127].
Cryptophasa nubila (T.P. Lucas, 1894). Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 17 April 2010].
Cryptophasa alba, Turner 1898. ssp. of nubila Lucas. Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 17 April 2010].
Cryptophasa nubila (T.P. Lucas, 1894). Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 18 June 2010].

Original description, T.P. Lucas, 1894
Cryptophaga nubila, sp. nov.
♂♀ 30-42 mm. Head, palpi and thorax white. Antennae white, with fuscous pectinations in ♂, ciliated in ♀. Legs white, posterior tarsi with base of joint black. Abdomen with a red spot on second segment bordered with white; first segment in ♂ grey, but covered with fringe, two tufts of white hairs; in ♀ segment white; hind segments in ♂ grey, thickly diffused with black and ashy-grey; in ♀ light grey bordered with white. Forewings elongate, costa very gently rounded, hindmargin rounded, grey-white freely irrorated with smoky-black scales, veins smoky-grey; a suffusion of smoky-black all round disc leaving disc a grey-white as groundcolour; a like suffusion on inner border leaving a narrow strip of groundcolour between it and the darker area of the wing; no distinct discal spot: cilia grey, tinted with smoky-grey. Hindwings in ♂ black, darker on veins, inner margin and base white; a row of black spots on veins almost hidden by groundcolour; in ♀ hindwings white diffused with ashy-grey; streaks of white from base in interneural spaces; veins smoky-grey; cilia white with a smoky line in ♂, in ♀ divided into dots.
Brisbane; reared by Mr. Illidge from larvae taken on Swamp Mahogany (Tristania suaveolens [Lophostemon suavolens]).

Subsequent description, Turner 1898
Cryptophaga nubila, Lucas. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 1893, 161. (Cryptophaga intermedia, ibid., 162.) Male, 28-33 mm.; antennal pectinations 4. Females, 32-42 mm. Forewings with vein 2 from ¾. Hindwings with 6 and 7 from a point. Head, face and  palpi white. Antennae white at base, passing into fuscous. Thorax white, ochreous-whitish, or pale slate-coloured. Abdomen in male fuscous, segments narrowly edged with white; in female white; in both sexes second segment orange-red. Legs white, tarsi annulated with fuscous. Forewings oblong, costa in male very slightly, in female moderately arched, apex moderately rounded, hindmargin rounded, slightly oblique; white, ochreous-whitish, or pale slate-coloured, frequently sparsely, sometimes densely, irrorated with dark fuscous scales; costal margin white; a black dot in disc at1/3, and two others transversely placed at 3/5, lower somewhat posterior – these are very rarely obsolete,  but sometimes lost in the fuscous suffusion; a row of black dots along hind margin and apical 1/5 of costa, sometimes obsolete; cilia  white or tinged with pale fuscous, in which case a darker line at 1/3 can usually be traced. Hindwings in male dark fuscous, in female white, sometimes more or less suffused with fuscous; a hind marginal series of black dots; cilia white.
Var. Alba.It is convenient to denote by this name the specimens with white ground-colour of forewings without fuscous irroration.
A very variable species. I have bred a large series, and have obtained the most extreme examples from the same food-plant. I regard the white colouration as ancestral, the darker varieties as a protective adaptation to the colours of the bark of the trees to which the species is attached.
Brisbane: the larvae tunnelling the stems and dragging in for food the leaves of Melaleuca leucodendron (Tea-tree), Melaleuca linariifolia, Callistemon salignus, Callistemon lanceolatus, and probably other species of these genera; also of Tristania suaveolens [Lophostemon suavolens] (Swamp Mahogany) and Backhousia myrtifolia; and in gardens of the Guava. The moths emerge in November and December.

Other references

For example the close similarity in colour between Uzucha humeralis and the bark of the spotted gum and between Cryptophaga nubila and that of the teatree is very obvious, and becomes significant when we remember that the trees mentioned are the food plants of these moths. At the same time other Xyloryctidae, e.g., C. epadelpha, seem to be coloured In a manner specially suitable for rendering them conspicuous. (Illidge, 1892).

This [Cryptophasa epadelpha] and the two following species [C. pultenae and C. nubila] are closely allied, and the larvae are also closely similar. (Turner, 1898).

C. epadelpha may be  distinguished by the total absence of discal dots on the forewings; C. pultenaeae by the more rounded apices of the forewings and the presence of discal dots; the white variety of C. nubila resembles C. epadelpha in shape of wing, the discal dots are usually present, and it never has the pure snow-white tinge possessed by fresh specimens of the other two species. (Turner, 1898).

C. nubila, Lucas, ♀; (Walsingham, 1898)

Philpott, 1927

Good examples, of progressive reduction in the maxillary palpi are exhibited in this large family. Lichenaula has a five-segmented palp; the genera Telecrates, Odites, Procometis, Agriophora [sic], Chalarotona, Scieropepla, Eschatura, Uzucha, and Catoryctis have each lost a segment; Xylorycta and Maroga have only three remaining; Cryptophaga rubescens has two, with a third represented by a minute papilla, while in C. nubila this papilla has been lost. (Philpott, 1927).

127. Cryptophasa nubila (T.P. Lucas, 1894) and C. intermedia (T.P. Lucas, 1894) were published simultaneously. Priority was given to C. nubila (T.P. Lucas) by Turner (1898a). (Common, in Nielsen, E.S., Edwards, E.D. & Rangsi, T.V. 1996).

Diagnosis:
Description:
Head:
Thorax:
Abdomen:
Food plants: Larva boring in stem. Larval foodplant: Lophostemon suaveolens, Backhousia myrtifolia, Melaleuca leucadendra, M. lineariifolia, Callistemon salignus, C. lanceolatus, Syzygium luehmannii, introduced Psidium guava (Myrtaceae). (Edwards, 2003).
Flight period:  January, September, November.
Distribution: New South Wales, Queensland. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks:



Cryptophasa nymphidias



Cryptophasa nymphidias Turner 1926


Cryptophasa nymphidias (pl. 33, fig. 3, Tillyard, 1926)

Cryptophasa nymphidias Turner 1926, in Tillyard, R.J., Insects of Australia and New Zealand. Sydney, Angus & Robertson, 1926. 1-560. (425, pl. 33, fig. 3). Nomen nudum.
Cryptophasa nymphidias Turner 1926. Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 15 April 2010].

Other references

C. nymphidias Turn. (pl. 33, fig. 3) is pure white; (Tillyard, 1926).

Remarks: No description; image only. Possibly in Turner MS.



Cryptophasa ochroleuca



Cryptophasa ochroleuca (Lower, 1892)


- NSW, 9 km W of Coonabarabran Lat. 149 11’’ S Long.31 75’’ E 533 m alt., 24. Dec. 1974, E.D. Edwards leg. (ANIC). EMERGED [AMO].

- Qld, Toowoomba, 15. Feb. 1966, J. Macqueen leg. (ANIC). [AMO].

Cryptophaga ochroleuca Lower, 1892. Descriptions of New South Australian Lepidoptera. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia  15: 5–17 [15]. Holotype SAMA ♂, Blackwood, SA.
 Cryptophasa ochroleuca Low. Common, Moths of Australia, Melbourne University Press. 227-230 [230].
Cryptophasa ochroleuca (Lower, 1892). Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [87]
Cryptophasa ochroleuca (Lower, 1892). Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 17 April 2010].
Cryptophasa ochroleuca (Lower, 1892). Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 18 June 2010].

Original description, Lower 1892
Crypt. ochroleuca, sp. nov.
Male, 45 mm. Head, palpi, thorax, and abdomen whitish-ochreous; base of palpi internally blackish, second segment of abdomen distinct orange-red. Legs ochreous-whitish, anterior and middle distinctly pinkish-tinged above; tarsi black, with white rings at apex of joints. Forewings oblong, posteriorly somewhat dilated; costa moderately arched, apex obtuse; hindmargin rather obliquely rounded; whitish-ochreous; a black dot in disc at one-third; a second, double, on fold beneath middle, and two others transversely placed, and connected by a fine black line in disc at three-fifths; a row of black spots along hindmargin and apical fourth of costa; 2 from five-sixths; cilia dark fuscous, base somewhat paler, especially towards anal angle. Hindwings and cilia shining white; cilia with black spots at termination of veins, except on anal angle; veins 6 and 7 from a point.
Between lurida [C. balteata], Meyr., and sarcinota, Meyr.; differs from the former chiefly by the absence of the spots on cilia of forewings, and from the latter by the different ground-colour and other minor points.
One fine specimen from Eucalyptus sp. at Blackwood in middle of February.

Other references

Fig. 23.16: Common, 1990

C. ochroleuca Low. (Fig. 23.16) has mainly a tableland distribution, from southern Queensland to Mt. Lofty, South Australia. The larva bores in Eucalyptus and feeds on the regenerating bark surrounding the vestibule it excavates at the entrance to its tunnel. (Common, 1990).

Diagnosis:
Description:
Head:
Thorax:
Abdomen:
Food plants: Larva boring in stem. Larval foodplant: Eucalyptus sp. (Myrtaceae). (Edwards, 2003).
Flight period: December, February.
Distribution: Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks:




Cryptophasa opalina



Cryptophasa opalina (Turner, 1900)


- Qld, Bucasia, 4. Feb. 1992, K.J. Sandery leg. (LWC). [AMO].

- Qld, Mt Cook National Park, Cooktown Lat.15 29 S Long.145 16 E, 11. Oct. 1980, E.D. Edwards leg. (ANIC). [AMO].

- Qld, Bucasia, 20. Aug. 2003, K.J. Sandery leg. (LWC). [AMO].

Cryptophaga opalina Turner, 1900. New Micro-lepidoptera - mostly from Queensland. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia  24: 6–23 [7]. Holotype ANIC ♂, Brisbane, Qld.
Cryptophasa opalina Turn. Common, 1990: Moths of Australia, Melbourne University Press. 227-230 [230].
Cryptophasa opalina (Turner, 1900). Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [87]
Cryptophasa opalina (Turner, 1900). Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 17 April 2010].
Cryptophasa opalina (Turner, 1900). Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 18 June 2010].

Original description, Turner 1900
Cryptophaga opalina, n. sp.
Antennal pectinations in male extremely short (one-half), cilia in tufts from pectinations. Veins 6 and 7 of hind wings separate, but closely approximated at base.
Male, 29 mm. Head white. Palpi white; base of second joint fuscous externally. Antennae dark-fuscous, with a few scattered whitish scales; basal joint white. Thorax white, with a few scattered dark-fuscous scales in patagia, and a large posterior dark-fuscous spot with purple reflections. Abdomen whitish; bases of segments partly ochreous-brown. Legs white; anterior and middle tibiae and tarsi dark-fuscous, annulated with white. Forewings elongate-oblong, costa slightly arched, apex rounded, hindmargin scarcely oblique, rounded beneath; white; a moderately broad fascia from costa near base, narrowing to inner-margin at one-fourth, produced along costa to base, near costa grey, thence dark-fuscous with purple reflections; an incomplete interrupted line posterior and parallel to this, dark-fuscous with purple reflections; a large fascia from costa before middle, much dilated in disc and on inner-margin, on costa and on posterior margin grey, the remainder a medley of dark-fuscous with purple reflections, ochreous-brown, and white scales; a broad grey line parallel to hindmargin; separated by a fine white line from a broad grey line on margin; cilia dark-fuscous, with a narrow basal white line, at anal angle wholly white. Hindwings grey; towards inner-margin whitish; cilia white, with a basal grey line along anterior half of hindmargin and around apex.
A very distinct and highly beautiful species. The extremely short antennal pectinations render it difficult to distinguish from Lichenaula.
Brisbane, Queensland; one specimen at light in November.

Other references

Pl. 6.10: Common, 1990

C. opalina Turn. (Pl. 6.10) also has a tropical distribution from Kimberley, West Australia, to northern Queensland, but in the east extending south to Brisbane. (Common, 1990).

Diagnosis:
Description:
Head:
Cryptophasa opalina, ♀ head, gvc12651, Herveys Range, Queensland

Thorax:
Cryptophasa opalina, wing venation

Abdomen: 

Cryptophasa opalina ♂ genitalia, T14, Herveys Range, Queensland

Cryptophasa opalina, aedeagus, T14, Herveys Range, Queensland

Food plants:
Flight period: August, Septrmber, October, December, February.
Distribution: Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks: The antennae of this moth are hardly pectinate; the cilia, in tufts, energe from small protruberances.  On the evidence of the male genitalia this species is wrongly placed in Cryptophasa. It is more suitably located in the group near Illidgea, which includes a number of disparate moths from various genera, which all have bristle-like setae on their claspers. The wing venation of C. opalina has a number of close similarities with Illidgea.




Saturday, August 28, 2010

Cryptophasa panleuca


Cryptophasa panleuca (Lower, 1901)


♀- Qld, Millstream Falls near Ravenshoe, 27 Dec. 1962, R. Dobson leg. (ANIC). [AMO].

- Qld, Townsville, F.P. Dodd leg. (ANIC). [AMO].

♀ - gvc6171, Herveys Range, Queensland. Scan By Graeme Cocks.

♀ - gvc6171, Herveys Range, Queensland. Scan By Graeme Cocks.

♂ - gvc6172, Herveys Range, Queensland. Scan By Graeme Cocks.

♂ - gvc6172, Herveys Range, Queensland. Scan By Graeme Cocks.

Cryptophaga panleuca Lower, 1901. Descriptions of new genera and species of Australian Lepidoptera. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia  25: 63-98 [83]. Holotype SAMA ♂, Cooktown, Qld.
Cryptophasa panleuca (Lower Turner, 1902: New Australian Lepidoptera, Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia  26, 175-207 [205].
Cryptophasa panleuca (Lower, 1901). Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [87]
Cryptophasa panleuca (Lower, 1901). Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 17 April 2010].
Cryptophasa panleuca (Lower, 1901). Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 18 June 2010].

Original description, Lower 1901
Cryptophaga panleuca, n. sp.
Male, 34 mm. Head, palpi, antennae, legs, thorax, and abdomen white, antennae pectinations 4, second segment of abdomen orange red, remainder of segment narrowly orange. Forewings elongate-oblong, costa gently arched, termen rounded, oblique; 2 from considerably before the angle; white, without markings; cilia shining white. Hindwings shining snow white; a row of black dots along termen; cilia snow white.
Similar in appearance to epadelpha, Meyr., but the white hindwings separate it at once from that species.
Cooktown, Queensland; one specimen (? taken in October).

Subsequent description, Turner 1902
Cryptophasa panleuca, Low.
(Trans. Roy. Soc., S.A., 1901, p. 83.)
Male and female, 31-44 mm. Head, thorax, and palpi white. Antennae white in both sexes; pectinations in male 1 ½. Abdomen white; second segment bright reddish-ochreous above; apices of three succeeding segments narrowly reddish-ochreous above. Legs white; inner aspect of anterior pair spotted with blackish. Forewings elongate-oblong, costa slightly arched, apex rounded, hindmargin obliquely rounded; white; cilia, white. Hindwings white; a series of minute blackish dots along hindmargin.
The sexes are closely similar. This species may be at once distinguished from the preceding [C. byssinopis] by the absence of discal dots.
Townsville, Queensland, in September; a series bred by Mr. F. P. Dodd. The larvae bore the stems of species of Tristania [Lophostemon].

Diagnosis:
Description:
Head:
Cryptophasa panleuca,, gvc6172, Herveys Range, Queensland.

Thorax:
Cryptophasa panleuca, ♀ wing venation

Abdomen:
male genitalia, gvc6295, Herveys Range, Queensland.

aedeagus, gvc6193, Herveys Range, Queensland.

Food plants: Lophostemon sp.
Flight period: September, October, December, January, April.
Distribution: Queensland. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks: 




Cryptophasa phaeochtha



Cryptophasa phaeochtha Meyrick, 1925


- Qld, Upper Leo Creek, McIlwraith Range Lat. 13' 45'' S Long. 143'2 6'' E, 7. Jul. 1989, E.S. Nielsen E.D. Edwards & M. Horak leg. (ANIC). [AMO].

- Qld, Iron Range, 14. Apr. 1964, I.F.B. Common M.S. Upton leg. (ANIC). [AMO].

Cryptophasa phaeochtha Meyrick, 1925. Exotic Microlepidoptera. 3 (5–7): 129–160, 161–192, 193–224 [147]. Syntype(s) BMNH 3♂♀, Oetakwa River, Irian Jaya.
Cryptophasa phaeochtha Meyrick, 1925. Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [87]
Cryptophasa phaeochtha Meyrick, 1925. Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 17 April 2010].
Cryptophasa phaeochtha Meyrick, 1925. Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 18 June 2010].

Original description, Meyrick 1925
Cryptophasa phaeochtha, n. sp.
♂♀. 40-50 mm. Head whitish-ochreous. Palpi whitish-ochreous, externally fuscous. Antennae ♂ pectinated (2). Thorax whitish-ochreous, anterior third fuscous. Abdomen pale ochreous-yellowish, a reddish antemedian band. Forewings rather elongate-oblong, hardly dilated, termen little oblique; 8 to apex; whitish-ochreous, a suffused fuscous band occupying costal third, darker towards costa: cilia whitish-ochreous, on costa fuscous. Hindwings and cilia light ochreous-yellowish.
DUTCH NEW GUINEA, Oetakwa R., 3000 feet (Meek); 3 ex. 

Diagnosis:
Description:
Head:
Thorax:
Abdomen:
Food plants:
Flight period:  April, July.
Distribution: Queensland, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks:




Cryptophasa phaethontia



Cryptophasa phaethontia (Meyrick, 1890)

Cryptophasa phaethontia, ♀, holotype. Photograph by Patrick Strutzenberger, ©BMNH.

Cryptophaga phaethontia Meyrick, 1890). Descriptions of Australian Lepidoptera. Part I. Xyloryctidae. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia  13: 23–81 [36]. Holotype BMNH ♀, Duaringa, Qld.
Cryptophasa phaethontia (Meyrick, 1890). Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [87].
Cryptophasa phaethontia (Meyrick, 1890). Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 17 April 2010].
Cryptophasa phaethontia (Meyrick, 1890). Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 18 June 2010].

Original description, Meyrick 1890
Crypt. phaëthontia, n. sp.
Female 41mm. Head, palpi, antennae, thorax, and legs ochreous-reddish. Abdomen whitish-ochreous irrorated with reddish. Forewings elongate, moderate, costa moderately arched, apex obtuse, hind margin not oblique, rounded beneath; 2 from ¾; deep brown-reddish; cilia dark reddish-fuscous. Hind wings with veins 6 and 7 from a point; pale ochreous, slightly reddish-tinged; cilia pale ochreous, reddish-tinged, tips obscurely whitish .
Duaringa, Queensland; one specimen received from Mr. G. Barnard.

Diagnosis:
Description:
Head:
Thorax:
Abdomen:
Food plants:
Flight period:
Distribution: Queensland. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks:





Cryptophasa phycidoides


Cryptophasa phycidoides (T.P. Lucas, 1901)


Cryptophasa phycidoides, ♀, Minyon Falls. ANIC.

Cryptophasa phycidoides, ♂, Binna Burra. ANIC.

Cryptophaga phycidoides T.P. Lucas, 1901. Queensland Lepidoptera. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 16: 73–95 [84]. Holotype SAMA ♂, May Orchard, Brisbane, Qld.
Cryptophasa phycidoides (T.P. Lucas, 1901). Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [87].
Cryptophasa phycidoides (T.P. Lucas, 1901). Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 17 April 2010].
Cryptophasa phycidoides (T.P. Lucas, 1901). Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 18 June 2010].

Original description, T.P. Lucas 1901
cryptophaga phycidoides, nov. sp.♂ 30 mm. Head white. Palpi ochreous fuscous. Antennae fuscous, pectinatious in ♂ 1-3. Thorax white. Abdomen white with light smoky segmental bands. Forewings costa gently rounded, hind margin nearly straight, oblique to broad anal angle, silvery white, freely covered with grey scales, diffusion of fuscous along veins, and markings darker fuscous. Forewings, costa very finely edged with silver; patch over costal half of base snow white, bordered by fine black costal line, and one or more short black lines posteriorly; diffusion from veins spread to costa, darker toward apex; an indistinct diffusion of fuscous in disc, subtended from a dark spot in costa at 3/5; beyond this a circular zone of fuscous at equal distance from all the borders, marked with darker spots on the veins, three or four dark fuscous spots beyond 1/5 of inner margin; hindmarginal fuscous line, with darker spots between veins. Cilia white with a fuscous band dividing. Hindwings silvery white, with smoky scales towards costa and hindmargin. Cilia as forewings.
May Orchard, Brisbane.

Diagnosis:
Description:
Head:
Thorax:
Cryptophasa phycidoides, wing venation

Abdomen:
Cryptophasa phycidoides genitalia, gvc2474, Townsville

Cryptophasa phycidoides aedeagus, gvc2474, Townsville

Food plants:
Flight period: October, November. December.
Distribution: New South Wales, Queensland. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks: The male genitalia, with their narrow, pointed uncus and broad, spathulate gnathos, are uncharcteristic of Cryptophasa. The valvae lack a sinus beneath the claspers. Despite the pectinated antennae, this species is closer in many respects to Xylorycta.




Cryptophasa platypedimela


Cryptophasa platypedimela (Lower, 1894)


♂ - Qld, Silver Plains Homestead, Cape York Peninsula, 15. Mar. 1965, J.L.. Wassell leg. (ANIC). [AMO].

♀ - K214, 17 km SE of Black Mountain Road on Toll Road, Kuranda. Collected by David Rentz and Buck Richardson, 6 February, 2010.

Cryptophaga platypedimela Lower, 1894. New Australian Heterocera. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia  18: 77–113 [90]. Holotype SAMA ♂, Mackay, Qld.
Cryptophaga platypedimela. Illidge, 1895: Xylorycts, or timber moths. Queensland Natural History Society Transactions, 1, 29-34.
Cryptophaga platypedimela Lower. Turner, 1898. The Xyloryctidae of Queensland. Annals of the Queensland Museum 4: 1–32 [6].
Cryptophasa platypedimela (Lower, 1894). Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [87].
Cryptophasa platypedimela (Lower, 1894). Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 17 April 2010].
Cryptophasa platypedimela (Lower, 1894). Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 18 June 2010].

Original description, Lower 1894
Cryptophaga platypedimela, n. sp.
Male, 42 mm. Head and palpi ochreous white. Antennae white, pectinations yellow. Abdomen and legs ochreous-yellow, anterior tibiae and tarsi fuscous. Thorax ochreous-white, with a large purplish-fuscous median blotch; patagia ochreous, with a. purplish-fuscous patch. Forewings elongate-oblong. Costa nearly straight, hindmargin obliquely rounded; 2 from near middle ochreous white, sparsely strigulated with faint transverse purplish striga, a purplish-fuscous broad basal patch, its outer edge straight from one-sixth costa to one-sixth inner-margin, leaving a patch of ground-colour at extreme base; a large purplish-ferruginous discal spot beyond middle; a narrow irregularly dentate hindmarginal fascia broadest at apex; cilia dark-fuscous, with a well-defined whitish basal line. Hindwings with hindmargin rounded; 6 and 7 from a point; pale yellow; cilia pale yellow.
One specimen received Mr. R. E. Turner, Mackay, Queensland. It is a pretty and distinct species in the group of albicosta, Lew.

Other references

Cryptophaga platypedimela, Lower. Proc. Roy. Soc. S. A., 1894, 90. I have not seen this species. Lower's type was received from Mackay. (Turner, 1898).

Diagnosis:
Description:
Head:
Cryptophasa platypedimela ♀ head, K214, 17 km SE of Black Mountain Road on Toll Road, Kuranda. Collected by David Rentz and Buck Richardson, 6 February, 2010.

Thorax:
Cryptophasa platypedimela ♀ wing venation

Abdomen:
Cryptophasa platypedimela ♂ genitalia, K-0525, Kuranda Queensland. Collected by David Rentz.

Cryptophasa platypedimela aedeagus, K-0525, Kuranda Queensland. Collected by David Rentz.

Food plants:
Flight period: February, March.
Distribution: Queensland. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks: