Friday, July 30, 2010

Eporycta


Eporycta Meyrick, 1908


Eporycta Meyrick, 1908. Descriptions of African Micro-lepidoptera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1908: 716–756 [728]. Type species: Eporycta tarbalea Meyrick, 1908 by monotypy.
Eporycta Meyrick, 1908 [Cryptophasidae]. Fletcher, T. B., 1929, A list of generic names used for Microlepidoptera. Memoirs of the Department of Agriculture of India,  11: 1-244 [83].
Eporycta Meyrick, 1908. Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 16 June 2010].
Eporycta Meyrick, 1908. Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 16 June 2010].

Original description, Meyrick 1908
Eporycta, n.g.
Head with appressed scales, side-tufts somewhat spreading; ocelli and tongue apparently absent. Antennae 2/3, in ♂ shortly unipectinated (1) and ciliated, basal joint moderate, without pecten. Labial palpi very long, recurved, second joint thickened. with appressed scales, terminal as long as second, slender, acute. Maxillary palpi rudimentary. Posterior tibiae clothed with hairs above. Fore wings with 2 from 2/3, 3 from angle, 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to apex, 11 from middle. Hind wings over 1, trapezoidal-ovate, cilia 2/5; 3 and 4 connate, 5 parallel, 6 and 7 short stalked.
Clearly related to the Australian genus Xylorycta.

Description:
Head:
Thorax:
Abdomen:

Immature stages:

Distribution: South Australia, Victoria. Afrotropical Region. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks:

_____________________________________

Eporycta hiracopis Meyrick, 1921.


ANIC

Eporycta hiracopis Meyrick, 1921. Exotic Microlepidoptera. 2 (13–15): 385-416, 417-448, 449-480 [444]. Holotype BMNH ♂, South Australia.
Eporycta hiracopis Meyrick, 1921. Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [87].
Eporycta hiracopis Meyrick, 1921. Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 17 April 2010].
Eporycta hiracopis Meyrick, 1921. Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 16 June 2010].

Original description, Meyrick, 1921
Eporycta hiracopis, n. sp.
♂. 32 mm. Head, palpi, abdomen grey-whitish. Antennal pectinations 1. Thorax whitish-grey. Forewings narrow at base, dilated, costa gently arched, termen rather obliquely rounded; whitish irregularly tinged pale grey, some scattered grey scales; a small mark of dark grey irroration towards costa near base; stigmata dark grey, plical obliquely before first discal, an additional dot beneath second discal: cilia grey-whitish, base mixed grey. Hindwings pale grey, whitish-tinged towards base; cilia white, faint greyish basal and median lines.
South Australia (Olliff); 1 ex., Wals. Coll. (3601).

Diagnosis:
Description:
Head:
Thorax:
Abdomen:
Food plants:
Flight period:
Distribution: South Australia, Victoria. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks:


Eschatura



Eschatura Meyrick, 1897


Eschatura Meyrick, 1897, Descriptions of new Lepidoptera from Australia and New Zealand. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1897: 367–390 [382]. Type species: Eschatura lemurias Meyrick, 1897 by monotypy.
Phloeophorba Turner, A.J. 1898. The Xyloryctidae of Queensland. Annals of the Queensland Museum 4: 1–32 [5]. Type species: Phloeophorba codonoptera Turner, 1898 by monotypy.
Phloeophora Turner, 1900, New Micro-lepidoptera -- mostly from Queensland. TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA   24: 6-23 [11]. Spelling mistake.
Eschatura Meyrick, 1897, senior subjective synonym of Phloeophorba Turner 1897. [Cryptophasidae]. Fletcher, T. B., 1929, A list of generic names used for Microlepidoptera. Memoirs of the Department of Agriculture of India,  11: 1-244 [85].
Eschatura Meyrick, 1897. Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 17 June 2010].
Eschatura Meyrick, 1897. Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 17 June 2010].

Original description, Meyrick, 1897
Eschatura, gen.n.
Antennae in ♂ filiform, simple. Labial palpi long, recurved, second joint thickened with appressed scales, terminal as long as second, moderate, acute. Posterior tibiae rough-scaled. Forewings with apex strongly caudate; 2 from 2/3 of cell, 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to costa. Hindwings over 1, trapezoidal, termen sinuate beneath apex; 3 and 4 short-stalked, 5 parallel, 6 and 7 connate.
This genus belongs to the group formerly maintained as a distinct family under the name Xyloryctidae, and is intermediate between Uzucha and Pilostibes.
 
Synonymic description, Turner 1898
PHLOEOPHORBA, n.g.
Head with appressed scales; ocelli absent; tongue short, antennae moderate, in male filiform, simple, basal joint somewhat swollen, without pecten. Labial palpi moderately long, curved, ascending, second joint with appressed scales, slightly rough beneath, terminal joint nearly as long as second, smooth, acute. Maxillary palpi very short. Thorax smooth. Abdomen moderate. Anterior tibiae somewhat thickened with scales, posterior tibiae densely rough-haired above and beneath. Forewings with vein 1 long-furcate towards base, 2 from 2/3,  3 from angle, 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to apex or costa, 11 from middle. Hindwings over 1, oblong-ovate, with a dense tuft of hairs near base below median, 3 and 4 from a point or short-stalked; 5 parallel, 6 and 7 from a point or short-stalked, 8 connected with cell at a point near base. Differs from Maroga, Meyr., in the absence of ciliations in the male.

Description:
Head:
Thorax:
Eschatura lemurias, wing venation

Abdomen:

Immature stages:

Distribution: New South Wales, Queensland. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks:

_____________________________________

Eschatura lactea (Turner, 1898)


ANIC

Phloeophorba lactea Turner, 1898. The Xyloryctidae of Queensland. Annals of the Queensland Museum 4: 1–32 [23]. Syntype(s) ANIC 2♀, Charters Towers, Qld.
Phloeophora lactea, Turner, 1900, New Micro-lepidoptera -- mostly from Queensland. TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA   24: 6-23 [11]. Spelling mistake.
Scieropepla nettomorpha Meyrick, E. 1930. Exotic Microlepidoptera. 4(1): 1–32 [15]. Holotype BMNH ♂ (Meyrick incorrectly recorded the holotype as a female), Burdekin River, Qld.
Eschatura lactea (Turner, 1898) = Scieropepla nettomorpha syn. n. Nielsen, E.S., Edwards, E.D. & Rangsi, T.V. 1996. Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monogr. Aust. Lepid. 4: i–xiv, 1–529 & CD–ROM [87; 346: Note #128]
Eschatura lactea (Turner, 1898). Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 21 April 2010].
Eschatura lactea (Turner, 1898). Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 17 June 2010].

Original description, Turner 1898
Phloeophorba lactea, n. sp. Female, 22-29 mm. Veins 3 and 4 of hindwings short-stalked, 6 and 7 from a point. Head and face dark fuscous. Palpi dark fuscous; terminal joint whitish except at base. Antennae dark fuscous. Thorax white. Abdomen whitish, obscurely annulated with reddish-brown. Legs, anterior and middle pair fuscous, posterior pair ochreous-whitish; anterior coxae white. Forewings moderate, costa rather strongly arched, apex obtuse, hindmargin slightly rounded, very oblique; uniform milky-white, without markings; a very faint indication of pale fuscous suffusion towards hindmargin; cilia white. Hindwings white; a very faint indication suffusion towards apex; cilia white.
In the absence of the male the generic position of this species cannot be determined with certainty. Charters Towers: two female specimens received from Mr. Dodd.

Other references

Eschatura Lemurias, Meyr.
Meyrick, Trans. Ent. Soc., 1897, p. 382.
Phloeophora [sic] codonoptera, Turner, Annals Queensland Museum, 1897, p. 23.
Mr. Meyrick's name has a few weeks' priority. Whether my Phloeophora [sic] lactea is referable to the same genus must be left undecided until the male is discovered. (Turner, 1900).

128. Phloeophorba lactea Turner, 1898. Two new species, lactea and codonoptera were included in Phloeophorba Turner, 1898, without the designation of a type species. As Turner commented that the generic position of lactea could not be determined with certainty in the absence of  the male, codonoptera must be designated as the type species (Article 68(d)). However, codonoptera is a junior subjective synonym of lemurias Meyrick, 1897, the type species of Eschatura Meyrick, 1897, and Phloeophorba therefore becomes a junior synonym of Eschatura. (Common, in Nielsen, E.S., Edwards, E.D. & Rangsi, T.V. 1996. Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monogr. Aust. Lepid. 4: i–xiv, 1–529 & CD–ROM [346: Note #128]).

Diagnosis:
Description:
Head:
Thorax:
Abdomen:
Food plants: Larva boring in stem. Larval foodplant: introduced Carya illinoensis—Pecan nut (Juglandaceae). (Edwards, 2003).
Flight period:
Distribution: Queensland. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks:



Eschatura lemurias Meyrick, 1897


♀ - Qld, Mt Lewis, 3. Nov. 1968, E.B. Britton S. Misko leg. (ANIC). [AMO].

♂ - Qld, The Intake, Redlynch, 8. Oct. 1987, R. Dobson leg. (ANIC). [AMO].

Eschatura lemurias Meyrick, 1897. Descriptions of new Lepidoptera from Australia and New Zealand. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1897: 367–390 [382]. Syntype(s) BMNH 4♂♀, Brisbane, Qld.
Phloeophorba codonoptera Turner, 1898. The Xyloryctidae of Queensland. Annals of the Queensland Museum 4: 1–32 [23]. Syntype(s) ANIC number unknown ♂♀, Brisbane, Qld.
Phloeophora codonoptera, Turner, 1900, New Micro-lepidoptera -- mostly from Queensland. TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA   24: 6-23 [11]. Spelling mistake.
Eschatura lemurias Meyr. Philpott, 1927, The Maxillae in the Lepidoptera. Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 57, 721-745 [735]
Eschatura lemurias Meyr. Tillyard, R.J., 1926, Insects of Australia and New Zealand. Sydney, Angus & Robertson, 1-560. (426, pl. 33, fig. 5).
Eschatura lemurias M. [Cryptophasidae]. Fletcher, T. B., 1929, A list of generic names used for Microlepidoptera. Memoirs of the Department of Agriculture of India,  11: 1-244 [85].
Eschatura lemurias Meyrick, 1897. Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [87].
Eschatura lemurias Meyrick, 1897. Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 21 April 2010].
Eschatura lemurias Meyrick, 1897. Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 17 June 2010].

Original description, Meyrick 1897
E. lemurias, sp. n.
♂ 28-30 mm., ♀ 34-35 mm. Head and thorax light reddish- fuscous, patagia posteriorly whitish ochreous. Palpi dark reddish- fuscous, basal joint white, terminal white posteriorly. Forewings elongate, moderately broad in middle, costa very strongly arched, apex very strongly produced, caudate, termen appearing strongly concave beneath this; in ♂ whitish-ochreous, in ♀ deep ochreous, in both with a strong shining whitish gloss; a grey-whitish  discal spot edged with dark reddish-fuscous suffusion, ill-defined; costal  cilia orange; terminal cilia whitish, on upper. half and round apex reddish-fuscous except at base. Hindwings pale yellowish; cilia round apex reddish-fuscous.
Brisbane, Queensland; four specimens (Dr. A.J.  Turner).
 
Synonymic description, Turner 1898
Phloeophorba codonoptera, n. sp. Male, 25-35 mm. Female,  31-35 mm. Veins 3 and 4 of hindwings from a point, 6 and 7 from a point. Head, face, palpi, and antennae dark fuscous. Thorax fuscous, shading off posteriorly into reddish-ochreous. Abdomen ochreous-brown. Legs, anterior and middle pair reddish-fuscous, posterior ochreous-whitish; anterior coxae shining white. moderate, costa strongly arched in female, in male this is exaggerated, apex produced into a finger-shaped process with rounded extremity, hindmargin sinuate, very oblique; shining ochreous-whitish; in female shining reddish-ochreous; edges of costa and inner-margin orange, at base of costa fuscous; a white spot margined with fuscous in disc at about 3/5; in male this may be partially obsolete; traces of fuscous suffusion about all margins and apex; costal cilia orange, hindmarginal fuscous. Hindwings ochreous-whitish; cilia ochreous-whitish, at apex pale fuscous.
The very peculiar forewings distinguish this from any other known species. Brisbane: larvae found abundantly feeding on the bark of Elaeocarpus grandis (Quandong), and Eugenia ventenatii, under roundish blotches composed of silk and fragments of bark, in the centre of which the pupae may be found in a separate chamber.
 
Other references

Eschatura Lemurias, Meyr.
Meyrick, Trans. Ent. Soc., 1897, p. 382.
Phloeophora [sic] codonoptera, Turner, Annals Queensland Museum, 1897, p. 23.
Mr. Meyrick's name has a few weeks' priority. Whether my Phloeophora [sic] lactea is referable to the same genus must be left undecided until the male is discovered. (Turner, 1900).

Eschatura lemurias, pl. 33, fig. 5,Tillyard, 1926

Eschatura lemurias Meyr. (pl. 33, fig. 5) has the forewings pale buff or fulvous, with peculiarly shaped apex; the larva of this species also is a bark-feeder. (Tillyard, 1926).

4-segmented labial palpi of Eschatura lemurias (Philpott 1927).

Diagnosis:
Description:
Head:
Thorax:
Abdomen
Eschatura lemurias ♂ genitalia

Eschatura lemurias aedeagus

Food plants: Larva boring in stem. Larval foodplants: Waterhousea floribunda (Myrtaceae); Elaeocarpus angustifolia (Elaeocarpaceae). (Edwards, 2003).
Flight period: October, November, December.
Distribution: New South Wales, Queensland. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks:

_____________________________________

Eumenodora

Eumenodora Meyrick, 1906 


Eumenodora Meyrick, E. 1906. [Elachistidae]. Descriptions of Australian Tineina. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 30: 33-66 [55]. Type species: Eumenodora encrypta Meyrick, 1906 by monotypy. Holotype BMNH.

Original description, Meyrick 1906
EUMENODORA n. g.
Head smooth, sidetufts spreading behind; tongue developed. Antennae ⅔, in male simple, basal joint moderate. Labial palpi moderate, curved, ascending, with appressed scales, terminal joint shorter than second, acute·. Posterior tibiae clothed with long hairs. Forewings with 2-6 parallel, 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to costa, 11 from beyond middle. Hindwings ⅔, narrow-lanceolate, cilia 2, veins 2-7 parallel.  
This would seem to be an early unspecialized type.
 Remarks: Eumenodora was found to be a member of the Xyloryctidae by Kaila, 2013 by genetic analysis.
This species has no morphological features that might be associated with the Xyloryctidae, but this is to be expected in very primitive early branches of any Gelechioid clade, which are more likely to share traits with each other that to exhibit the developed characteristics of the group.




Eumenodora encrypta Meyrick 1906



Eumenodora encrypta Meyrick 1906, 2006-LOQT-430, collected by Graeme V. Cocks, Townsville, Queensland


Eumenodora encrypta Meyrick, 1906. [Elachistidae]. Descriptions of Australian Tineina. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 30: 33-66 [55].
Eumenodora encrypta Meyrick, 1906. Kaila, L., 2013, Identity of Eumenodora encrypta Meyrick, a cryptic Australian moth (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea), Zootaxa 3616 (2): 165–172  http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2013/f/zt03616p172.pdf


Original description, Meyrick 1906
Eumenodora encrypta, n. sp. Head, palpi, antennae and thorax dark bronzy-fuscous; second joint of palpi ochreous-whitish ar apex, and towards base beneath. Forewings lanceolate; bronzy-fuscous irrorated with blackish-fuscous, with a few whitish scales: cilia fuscous, towards base irrorated with blackish-fuscous. Hindwings dark grey; cilia grey.
Brisbane, Queensland, in September; one specimen. 


Subsequent description, Kaila, 2013.
Available online, here:   http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2013/f/zt03616p172.pdf
Eumenodora encrypta, Meyrick 1906, from Kaila, 2013
Diagnosis: 
Description: 
Head
Thorax
Wing venation, Eumenodora encrypta Meyrick, 1906, from Kaila, 2013


Abdomen



Male genitalia, Eumenodora encrypta Meyrick, 1906, from Kaila, 2013
Female genitalia, Eumenodora encrypta Meyrick, 1906, from Kaila, 2013


Flight period: August, September, December, January, February.

Distribution: Queensland, Australian Capital Territory, South Australia. (Kaila, 2013).

Gomphoscopa


Gomphoscopa Lower, 1901


Gomphoscopa Lower, 1901. Descriptions of new genera and species of Australian Lepidoptera. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia  25: 63-98 [86] [objective replacement name for Pachycera Lower, 1893 with the same type species].
Pachycera Lower, 1893. [In Depressariidae]. New Australian Lepidoptera. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia  17 (1): 146–185 [184]. Type species: Pachycera catoryctopsis Lower, 1893 by monotypy.
Gomphoscopa Lower, 1901 (senior objective synonym of Pachycera Lower) [Cryptophasidae]. Fletcher, T. B., 1929, A list of generic names used for Microlepidoptera. Memoirs of the Department of Agriculture of India,  11: 1-244 [100].
Gomphoscopa Lower, 1901. = Pachycera Lower, 1893, nec Billberg, 1820. Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [87].
Gomphoscopa Lower, 1901. Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 21 April 2010].
Gomphoscopa Lower, 1901. Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 17 June 2010].

Original description, Lower 1901
Gomphoscopa, n.g.
Head rather loosely haired. Antennae in male bidentate, especially on terminal half, ciliations (1), basal joint short. without pecten. Labial palpi extremely long, second joint considerably exceeding base of antennae, clothed with appressed scales, somewhat loose beneath, terminal joint slender, one-half of second recurved. Forewings elongate; 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to apex, 2 from before angle of cell, 3 from angle, 1 furcate at base. Hindwings over 1 elongate-ovate; cilia one-third; 3 and 4 connate, 5 widely remote from 4, nearer to 6.
Not very near any other genus known to me. The absence of pecten, extremely long palpi , termination of vein 7 in apex, and elongate markings would appear to have some relationship to Oenochroa, Meyr., yet the affinity is not clear.
The genus is formed for the reception of Pachycera catoryctopsis, Lower (Trans. Roy. Soc. S.A., 184 (1893). The genus was not defined at the time of writing, and as name, Pachycera, is probably preoccupied, I adopt the above in place of it.


Other references

Pachycera Lower, 1893, is a junior homonym of Pachycera Billberg, 1820, Enumeratio Insect. Mus. G.J. Billberg: 68, - Insecta, Hemiptera. The objective replacement name is Gomphoscopa Lower 1901. (NHM).

Description:
Head:
Thorax:
Abdomen:

Immature stages:

Distribution: South Australia. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks:

_____________________________________

Gomphoscopa catoryctopsis (Lower, 1893)


ANIC

Pachycera catoryctopsis Lower, 1893. New Australian Lepidoptera. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia  17 (1): 146–185 [184] [in Depressariidae]. Syntype(s) SAMA 4♂♀, Highbury and Blackwood, SA.
Gomphoscopa catoryctopsis Lower [Cryptophasidae]. Fletcher, T. B., 1929, A list of generic names used for Microlepidoptera. Memoirs of the Department of Agriculture of India,  11: 1-244 [100, 158].
Gomphoscopa catoryctopsis (Lower, 1893). Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [87].
Gomphoscopa catoryctopsis (Lower, 1893). Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 21 April 2010].
Gomphoscopa catoryctopsis (Lower, 1893). Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 17 June 2010].

Original description, Lower 1893
Pachycera catoryctopsis, n. sp.
Male and female, 23-27. Head and antennae white, antennae beneath annulated with fuscous, palpi, thorax and legs ashy-grey-whitish, hairs of posterior legs yellowish-tinged, abdomen grey. Forewings moderate, costa gently arched, hind margin obliquely rounded; fuscous, suffusedly mixed with whitish; a white streak along costa from base to beyond middle, attenuated posteriorly and continued to near apex, the anterior portion containing a fine grey line, lower portion edged with a fine black line; an elongate white mark in middle of wing, outlined with black; a thick white streak from base along fold, suffusedly continued to near anal angle, partially edged below with a fine black line; all veins towards hindmargin sharply defined by black lines, interspaces filled with white; a hindmarginal row of black dots; cilia ashy-grey-whitish, tips darker. Hindwings grey; cilia white, with a darker line.
Highbury and Blackwood in March; four specimens. Resembles greatly Catoryctis tricrena, Meyr., one of the Xyloryctidae.

Diagnosis:
Description:
Head:
Thorax:
Abdomen:
Food plants:
Flight period:
Distribution: South Australia. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks:


Gonioma



Gonioma Turner, 1898


Antaeotricha [nec Zeller], Meyrick, 1886, Descriptions of Lepidoptera from the South Pacific, Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1886: 189-296 [283].
Gonioma Turner, 1898. The Xyloryctidae of Queensland. Annals of the Queensland Museum 4: 1–32 [4]. Type species: Gonioma xanthopsis Turner, 1898 by monotypy.
Protrachyntis Meyrick, 1917, Exotic Microlepidoptera. 2 (2–3): 33–64, 65–96 [55]. Type species: Cryptolechia hospita Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875 by original designation.
Gonioma Turner, 1898, junior subjective synonym of Uzucha Wlk. [Cryptophasidae]. Fletcher, T. B., 1929, A list of generic names used for Microlepidoptera. Memoirs of the Department of Agriculture of India,  11: 1-244 [100].
Protrachyntis Meyrick, 1917 [Cryptophasidae]. Fletcher, T. B., 1929, A list of generic names used for Microlepidoptera. Memoirs of the Department of Agriculture of India,  11: 1-244 [188]. [Synonymy not noted].
Gonioma Turner, 1898 (syn. Protrachyntis Meyrick, 1917). Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [87].
Gonioma Turner, 1898, junior subjective synonym of Uzucha. Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 21 April 2010].
Gonioma Turner, 1898. B. Pitkin and P. Jenkins, Butterflies and Moths of the World: Generic Names and their Type-species, 2004. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/research/projects/butmoth/ [accessed 21 April 2010]
Gonioma Turner, 1898. Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 17 June 2010].

Original description, Turner 1898
GONIOMA, n. g.
Head with loosely appressed scales; ocelli absent; tongue developed. Antennae moderate, in male filiform, simple, basal joint moderate, without pecten. Labial palpi moderate, curved, ascending, second joint thickened with rough scales towards apex, terminal joint shorter than second, smooth, slender, acute. Maxillary palpi very short. Thorax smooth. Abdomen moderate. Posterior tibiae roughly haired above in male, smooth beneath. Forewings with costa strongly arched at base, vein 2 from 3/5, 3 from angle, 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to costa, 11 from middle. Hindwings over 1, oblong-ovate, with a tuft from base below median, 3 and 4 short-stalked, 5 parallel, 6 and 7 separate but closely approximated at base, 8 connected with cell near base.
A peculiar genus, interesting as forming to some extent a connecting link between Lichenaula and Uzucha.
 
Synonymic description, Meyrick 1917
PROTRACHYNTIS n. g.
Head loosely haired, sidetufts large, raised, projecting over forehead; ocelli small, inferior; tongue short. Antennae 3/5, basal joint moderate, without pecten. Labial palpi long, recurved, second joint reaching base of antennae, with rather long roughly projecting hairscales beneath, terminal joint shorter than second, slender, acute. Maxillary palpi very short, filiform, appressed to tongue. Anterior tarsi longer than tibiae, posterior tibiae clothed with rough hairscales above. Forewings with costa rough-scaled anteriorly; 1b furcate, 2 from 3/5, 3 from angle, 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to apex, 11 from middle. Hindwings 1, ovate, cilia 1/3; 3 and 4 stalked, 5 parallel, 6 and 7 stalked, 8 approximated to cell to near middle.
Type hospita Feld.; I have eight female specimens, but no male.

Description:
Head:
Thorax:
Gonioma hypoxantha, wing venation

Abdomen:

Immature stages:

Distribution: Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia. Papua New Guinea. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks:
_____________________________________

Gonioma hospita (R. Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)



Pl. 138, fig. 57: Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875

Pl. 138, fig. 57: Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875

- Qld, Batavia Downs, 22. Nov. 1992, P. Zborowski A.A. Calder leg. (ANIC). [AMO].

Cryptolechia hospita R. Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875, Reise der Ă–sterreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859.. (Zoologischer Theil, Band 2, Abteilung 2) Heft 4. Wien. Plates 121–140 pp. [pl. 138, fig. 57]. Holotype BMNH ♀, Cape York, Qld.
Antaeotricha hospita Feld. [Cryptolechiadae] Meyrick, 1886, Descriptions of Lepidoptera from the South Pacific, Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1886: 189-296 [283].
Protrachyntis hospita Feld. Meyrick, 1917, Exot. Microlepidopt. 2 : 55.
Protrachyntis hospita Feld. [Cryptophasidae]. Fletcher, T. B., 1929, A list of generic names used for Microlepidoptera. Memoirs of the Department of Agriculture of India,  11: 1-244 [188].
Gonioma hospita (R. Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875). Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [87].
Protrachyntis hospita (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875). Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 17 June 2010].
Gonioma hospita (R. Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875). Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 17 June 2010].

Original description, Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875
No written description other than the name and illustration.
 
Synonymic description, Meyrick, 1886
Antaeotricha hospita, Feld.
Cryptolechia hospita, Feld., Reis. Nov., pl. cxxxviii., 57.
♀, 27 mm. Head, palpi, antennae, and thorax white, mixed with pale grey. Abdomen yellow-ochreous. Legs yellow-ochreous, anterior pair black, middle tarsi dark fuscous. Fore wings elongate-oblong, costa moderately arched, apex rounded, hind margin obliquely rounded; white, mixed with light grey, and a few scattered black scales; a narrow oblique transverse black streak from costa near base, reaching half across wing; a cloudy grey spot in middle of disc; cilia whitish. Hind wings light yellow-ochreous, with a grey apical patch; cilia light yellow-ochreous, round apex grey.
Port Moresby, New Guinea (Mathew); one specimen.
According to Felder also from North Australia.

Diagnosis:
Description:
Head:
Thorax:
Abdomen:
Food plants:
Flight period:
Distribution: Queensland, Papua New Guinea. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks:



Gonioma hypoxantha (Lower, 1894)


♂ - NT, Cooper Creek, 19 km EbyS of Mt Borradaile Lat. 12' 06'' S Long. 133' 04'' E, 2. Nov. 1977, I.F.B. Common E.D. Edwards M.S. Upton leg. (ANIC). [AMO].

♀ - Qld, 16 km E of Morven Lat. 26' 25'' S Long. 147' 17'' E, 17. Oct. 1995, E.D. Edwards leg. (ANIC). [AMO].

Uzucha hypoxantha Lower, 1894, New Australian Heterocera. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 18: 77–113 [88]. Syntype(s) SAMA 1 ♂ (another syntype from Chinchilla, Qld, is in the QM), Coomooboolaroo, Duaringa, Qld.
Gonioma xanthopsis Turner, 1898, The Xyloryctidae of Queensland. Annals of the Queensland Museum 4: 1–32 [28]. Syntype(s) ANIC 2♂, Charters Towers, Qld.
Uzucha hypoxantha Lower [Cryptophasidae]. Fletcher, T. B., 1929, A list of generic names used for Microlepidoptera. Memoirs of the Department of Agriculture of India,  11: 1-244 [100].
Gonioma hypoxantha (Lower, 1894). Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [87].
Uzucha hypoxantha Lower, 1894. Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 21 April 2010].
Uzucha xanthopsis (Turner, 1898). Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 21 April 2010]. [Synonymy not noted].
Gonioma hypoxantha (Lower, 1894). Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 17 June 2010].

Original description, Lower, 1894
Uzucha hypoxantha, n. sp.
Female, 35 mm. Head, thorax, antennae and palpi ashy-grey, abdomen and legs pale yellow, anterior legs somewhat infuscated, basal segment of abdomen with a narrow ferruginous band. Forewings elongate-oblong, costa very strongly and abruptly arched near base, thence tolerably straight, basal third with dense projecting hairs, apex obtuse, hindmargin obliquely rounded; ashy-grey whitish, the latter colour somewhat predominant; a large ill-defined roundish dark-fuscous blotch in middle of wing; cilia ashy-grey whitish, tips paler. Hindwings with hindmargin rounded; pale yellow; apex and hind margin somewhat suffused with fuscous, most prominent at apex; cilia pale whitish-yellow, with a dark-grey basal line.
One specimen, Coomooboolaroo, Duaringa, Queensland, taken in November (Coll. Barnard), and one specimen taken at Chinchilla, Queensland, in December (in Brisbane Museum Coll.).
The hairs on the costa give the species a curious and distinct appearance; the species is undoubtedly referable to Uzucha, although vein 7 of forewing really terminates slightly above the apex.
 
Synonymic description, Turner 1898
Gonioma  xanthopsis, n. sp. Male, 33-35 mm. Head and face whitish-grey. Palpi whitish, with a few fuscous scales. Antennae whitish-grey. Thorax whitish-grey, irrorated with fuscous. Abdomen ochreous. Legs ochreous; anterior pair whitish, anterior tarsi fuscous. Forewings oblong, costa very strongly and abruptly arched near base, thence moderately arched, apex rounded, hindmargin very obliquely rounded; whitish-grey, sparsely irrorated with blackish scales; cilia whitish-grey. Hindwings ochreous-yellow; with a pale  fuscous suffusion at apex; cilia pale fuscous; with darker line at 2/3 towards anal angle ochreous-yellow.
Charters Towers: two specimens, obtained by Mr. Dodd from larvae feeding under a web on the bark of a Myrtaceous tree.

Diagnosis:
Description:
Head:
 Gonioma hypoxantha, head

Thorax:
Abdomen:
♂ genitalia

aedeagus (not to scale)

Food plants: Larva boring under bark. Larval foodplants: unspecified Myrtaceae, Acacia nilotica (Mimosaceae), introduced. (Edwards, 2003).
Flight period:
Distribution: Queensland. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks: